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The XXI century will be a сentury either of total all-embracing crisis or of moral and spiritual healing that will reinvigorate humankind. It is my conviction that all of us - all reasonable political leaders, all spiritual and ideological movements, all  faiths - must help in this transition to a triumph of humanism and justice, in making the XXI century a century of a new human renaissance.

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Perestroika and the Imperatives of the 21st Century. For the 25th Anniversary of the Beginning of Perestroika in the USSR

The Project's goal was to research the real scale and significance of Perestroika in the national and world history. Based on documentary sources and first-hand accounts of the architects of Perestroika, the project authors regard as inevitable the political changes in the USSR in the late 1980s.

Project Team

Anatoly Chernyaev – project leader
Aleksandr Veber
Aleksandr Galkin
Yury Krasin   


Anatoly Chernyaev. The Irreversible Choice

Aleksandr Veber. A Synopsis of the Perestroika Concepts. Gorbachev on Global Changes

Aleksandr Galkin. The Imminence of Change and Risks of Breakthroughs to the Future

Yury Krasin. A Breaktrough in the Age of Reformation




The eighth and last leader of the Soviet Union, he was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1985 until 1991. 10 August 2021
Archie Brown. Re-evaluation of the huge achievements of the perestroika years, as well as the failures during them and since, is an unfinished task
This article has been publushed in Russian in Rossiya v globalnoy politike journal, #3. 2021. 11 June 2021
Russian President Vladimir Putin and U.S. President Joe Biden will meet in Geneva on June 16. Former Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev told Interfax special correspondent Vyacheslav Terekhov in an interview that the main task the two presidents will have to address is restoring strategic stability. 1 June 2021

Gorbachev in the news media