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The XXI century will be a сentury either of total all-embracing crisis or of moral and spiritual healing that will reinvigorate humankind. It is my conviction that all of us - all reasonable political leaders, all spiritual and ideological movements, all  faiths - must help in this transition to a triumph of humanism and justice, in making the XXI century a century of a new human renaissance.

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Foreign policy of the Perestroika era (1985-1991) and its national and international implication

The Project was launched in February 2007.

The Project's goal was to research the real scale and significance of Gorbachev's foreign policy in the national and the world  history. Based on documentary sources and first-hand accounts of  the architects of Soviet foreign policy in the Perestroika era (1985-1991), the project authors regard as inevitable the radical changes that took place in Soviet foreign policy of the second half of 1980s. The research reconstructs major foreign political events of that time based on  documentary evidence and formulates their historical and political lessons.

The research findings were summarized in the collective monograph  "Otvechaya na vyzov vremeni. Vneshnyaya politika perestroyki: dokumentalnye svidetelstva. Po zapisyam besed M.Gorbacheva s zarubezhnymi deyatelyami i drugim materialav. / Responding to the Challenge of the Times. Based on the minutes of Mikhail Gorbachev's talks with foreign leaders and other materials. A.S.Chernyaev, A.B.Veber (general editing), Gorbachev-Fond, Ves Mir. 2010, 944 p.

Project Team:

Anatoly Chernyaev, project leader
Vadim Medvedev
Alexander Veber
Aleksandr Galkin 
Yury Krasin
Pavel Palazhchenko






The eighth and last leader of the Soviet Union, he was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1985 until 1991. 10 August 2021
Archie Brown. Re-evaluation of the huge achievements of the perestroika years, as well as the failures during them and since, is an unfinished task
This article has been publushed in Russian in Rossiya v globalnoy politike journal, #3. 2021. 11 June 2021
Russian President Vladimir Putin and U.S. President Joe Biden will meet in Geneva on June 16. Former Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev told Interfax special correspondent Vyacheslav Terekhov in an interview that the main task the two presidents will have to address is restoring strategic stability. 1 June 2021

Gorbachev in the news media